Anyone is susceptible to suffering from a traumatic brain injury. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatments will ensure a more successful healing process. Being knowledgeable about this injury will dissolve any panic that could arise from being unaware of the next steps. The severity of each case differs, which means healing time will vary. Being equipped with knowledge during such a sensitive time will grant more ease to those experiencing the trauma and their loved ones.
Traumatic brain injuries can develop from a multitude of physical accidents, such as falls, vehicle-related collisions, violence, sport injuries, and explosive blasts. The age of an individual helps to determine whether they’re more at risk for enduring a brain injury than others.
Out of all the common causes for traumatic brain injury, falling is the most common. This includes falling out of bed, falling from a ladder, slipping in the bathtub, or falling down stairs. These falls usually affect younger children and elderly more than any other age group.
If you, or someone you know, has encountered any of those physical accidents listed above, it’s important to look out for potential symptoms. Symptoms may appear immediately, but it could take days or weeks before they’re noticeable. Mild brain injury symptoms are categorized as physical, sensory, and cognitive. Physical symptoms include temporary loss of consciousness, being in a state of confusion, nausea, fatigue, headaches, speech issues, insomnia, over sleeping, and dizziness. Sensory symptoms include impaired vision, ringing sound in ears, and sensitivity to light or sound. Cognitive symptoms include memory loss, inability to concentrate, mood swings, depression, and anxiety.
The categories for moderate brain injury symptoms are physical and cognitive. The symptoms are similar to those of mild injury; they’re just amplified. For example, physical symptoms are the same except they are experienced for longer periods of time. Physical symptoms include loss of consciousness for minutes or hours, reoccurring headaches, consistent nausea, convulsions, dilated pupils, leakage of clear fluids from ears and eyes, weakness in fingers and toes, and loss of coordination. Cognitive symptoms include agitation or combativeness, slurred speech, and coma.
Any noticeable difference in physical or cognitive behavior must be evaluated by a medical professional.
Treatment differs depending on the severity of the injury. Mild brain injury usually requires rest and sometimes pain medication to rid of headaches. Victims who suffer from mild brain injuries must be carefully monitored in case of increased symptoms. Most symptoms resolve on their own with time.
Treatment for moderate brain injuries includes monitoring oxygen levels, blood supply, and blood pressure. The objective is to decrease inflammation, bleeding, or loss of oxygen to the brain. Depending on the damage, medication may be prescribed to prevent secondary damage. Medications include diuretics, anti-seizure drugs, and coma-inducing drugs. Other cases may require surgery to prevent secondary damage. Surgeries include removing blood clots, repairing fractured skulls, correcting bleeding in the brain, and opening a window in the skull.
After treatment, there’s still a necessary recovery period that will prevent future damage to the brain. People who are recovering from these kinds of injuries should avoid activities that could cause another injury, listen to a medical professionals’ instructions, avoid drugs that were not approved by a medical professional, do not return to normal activities until a medical professional approves, and get lots of rest.
Anyone can suffer from a traumatic brain injury at any given time, but being knowledgeable of causes, symptoms, and risk could help both prevent a TBI and provide a smoother recovery process.
Contact Our Minnesota Personal Injury Lawyers
At JD Haas and Associates, our Minnesota personal injury lawyers have years of experience getting people the compensation they need to move forward in their lives following a traumatic brain injury. Contact us today for a free consultation.